The Ibans in Sarawak are subsistence farmers if they have a plot of land available for such use. They would have a main crop for cash e.g. pepper, rubber of oil palm. In their sub plot they would grow vegetables, pineapples etc depending on the size.
If they have only enough land for vegetables, their best crops would be pumpkin, long beans, yams, and leafy vegetables which are easy to take take of.
Gourds and winter melons are also very easily cared for.
At one longhouse, not very far from a town, which we visited we were served a lovely soup made from white gourd and old chicken.
The chicken was first cleaned and "burnt" or tunu, to give the skin a scorched look and a special fragrance. This release of oil from the skin gives a special "taste" to the soup.
February 9, 2016
February 8, 2016
In Western Culture, the better cuts of pork were for the upper class and the poorer cuts like belly pork,trotters, tails, heads were for the lower class. Even food did not enjoy egalitarianism!!
This was not so obvious in the Chinese society which would normally include the whole animals in the menu. Perhaps a difference could be found in that the poor would eat more greens and less meat, while the rich and upper classes ate more meat,seafood, exotic food etc. That was in the past. Today with political, economic and social development, food has become more universally available.
The Foochows have always been very frugal in food and have devised grand recipes for all cuts of the pig.
Pork knuckles and trotters for example have been used by coolies, wharf labourers,rubber tappers, farmers to make a nourishing soup to energize their bodies. With dried squids and Chow Yi Char (a herbal fragrant root), the bony and poorer cut of pork is transformed into an awesome dish fit for kings!!
In my family, whenever my later grandmother desired some pork knuckle soup, my father would go to the butchers to "carry back" guan tii kah, we knew that it would auger in an awesome dinner with this special brew. It was usually done over slow fire for more than 3 hours. Grandma would also always say that having this soup would energize us and make us more willing to move our feet and work hard! So motivating.
My mother would always have a good stock of fragrant root and dried squid in the food safe. I would always remember how my parents bought these in Sibu. My father was a man of habit and careful spending and he planned his shopping and visitation well.
A visit to Chew Hock Choon in Bank Road was in the offing before my parents visited Grand Aunt at the Methodist Primary School. They would give her some of the squids as Ming Neng (or gift). It was good to visit relatives with my parents.
Recently I went to Minqing, Fujian and enjoyed this soup several times at different places. The soup was not exactly the same, but it was welcome warmly by all with lots of aplomb.
The fragrant roots kept us rooted to Fujian.
(Written First Day of Lunar Year of the Monkey 2016)